A Critique of the 100 Things Challenge

When we talk of the 100 Things Challenge it is important to keep in mind that the main reason David Bruno created it was to regain control of his life. In his case, the 100 Things Challenge was a year-long exercise in mindfulness to reset his priorities and regain control of his life. The 100 Things Challenge was never intended to be a one size fits all requirement to being a minimalist. Many minimalists pride themselves in being nonconformists to the materialistic culture around us. Simple living and its minimalist subset, are growing counter-cultures within our materialistic society. Thus simply because it has become the in thing to do among minimalists, is the worse reason for doing it.
One of the main issues that I have with the 100 Things Challenge is that in some circles it has turned into a challenge of who can own the least amount of stuff. In the style of reverse materialism, it has been revised into a 75 Things Challenge and a 50 Things Challenge. For a time there was even one guy that claimed to own only 15 things. These attempts seem to make the 100 things the maximum number of personal possessions one can own and still be a real minimalist. One step further are the single bag minimalists who literally limit themselves to what can fit into a single carry-on sized bag. Please note I am not saying that people who live this way are arrogant elitists who think they are better for owning less stuff. It is the wider culture of radical minimalism as reverse materialism to the extreme that concerns me.
The areas of overhead and responsible stewardship of resources are two areas that I see the 100 Things Challenge having major issues. The purpose of minimalism is to get rid of unnecessary overhead caused by having more than is needed. The 100 Things Challenge, on the other hand, adds the overhead of keeping an active numbered inventory of one’s things. The 100 Things Challenge is also potentially wasteful as it involves getting rid of “extra” things for the sake of a number as compared to one’s needs. For example, one may own 3 pairs of regularly used shoes and eliminate 2 pairs for the sake of the challenge. The problem is that when the remaining pair wears out one will need to replace it. So one ends up buying a new pair of shoes shortly after discarding 2 perfectly good pairs of shoes. These two reasons alone are in my opinion enough to be uneasy about taking part in the 100 Things Challenge.
Finally, I wonder how much of the attractiveness of the 100 Things Challenge is rooted in materialism. Materialism temps us into seeing material objects as a way to fix problems and provide meaning and purpose. In the same way, radical minimalism also tempts us with the image of a dream escape from the struggles and complexity of modern life. So if one goes after the 100 Things Challenge like a person orders the next miracle kitchen gadget after seeing it on TV. In which case I can promise you that the 100 Things Challenge will fail to life up to that level of hype. This is because our search for lasting fulfillment, meaning and purpose are spiritual matters.

The 100 Things Challenge

The first time that I encountered the concept of minimalism was a blog of a computer programmer that had recently become a Buddhist. His new faith had influenced his view of material possessions and thus sparked a major decluttering spree. He was writing about the 100 Things Challenge, which he considered too arbitrary and lacked consistency. For example, he did not think it made sense that certain things like books and collections were excluded. Overall the post had sparked my interest on the topic. I was amazed that somebody would make an effort to reduce their personal belongings to 100 things or less.
The 100 Things Challenge or technically the 100 Thing Challenge as it was originally called was started by a Christian man named Dave Bruno. Dave felt that he was becoming overwhelmed both mentally and spiritually by the stuff in his life and felt the need to do something about it. His solution was the 100 Thing Challenge as a year long fast from American-style consumerism. There are a few variations of the 100 Things Challenge but most share these common principles. First is that a collection of items only counts as a single item. For example, one’s coin collection or personal library of books only counts as a single item the challenge. Second is that many people set up a memorabilia box which is either excluded or counted as a single item. This serves as a buffer to allow one extra time to process sentimental items. As family heirlooms, and other treasures should not be  discarded in haste. Third is that one is free to make and change rules as they go along to a certain extent. This is because the purpose of 100 Things Challenge is not about counting items. As it is best viewed as an exercise in mindfulness of one’s personal material possessions.
Searching online for more articles about the 100 things challenge I came across my first batches of minimalist blogs. I was amazed at the brave bloggers who actually listed everything that they owned on the internet. Some took it even photographed everything that they owned and put it up on the internet for the world to see. Which got me thinking what it must be like to declutter to the point of being able to easily list and photograph everything that one owns. The practice of listing one’s possessions is not as strange as it sounds. Insurance experts say that everybody should have a documented home inventory for insurance purposes. Which raises a good point that if something is worth owning than it should be worth documenting in one’s home inventory. So if such an important task comes off as insanely overwhelming to you, could it be due to owning too much stuff?

Bible Apps and Pocket Bibles

“Listen to Jesus, and every day the word of Jesus enters our heart and makes us stronger in the faith. I suggest taking a little copy of the Gospels, a little one, to carry in your pocket, in your bag, and when you have a bit of time, when you are sitting here or there, and you can read, pick up the Gospel and read a few words. The Gospel is always with us!” ~ Pope Francis

Years ago there was a little email parable going around that compared Bibles to cell phones (before smartphones). In short, it challenged the reader to treat their Bible more like their cell phone. In the sense that most people carry their cell phone with them at all times and will return to retrieve it upon realizing they left it behind. Without a doubt, this was a very creative and well-meaning illustration to make us think about how much we value the Bible in our lives. Although it neglected the obvious differences between Bibles and cell phones. Cell phones by their portable nature fit with ease into our pockets and purses. As compared to most Bibles, which tend to be too large to carry around like a cell phone. Cell phones unlike books, are designed to be portable and easily fit into our pockets and purses. As compared to Bibles which tend to be a bit too large to carry around like a cell phone.

A more helpful question for today would not be if you treat your Bible like your cell phone but are there any Bible (and possibly prayer) apps on your phone. Smartphone Bible apps are best suited for quick reference and short readings. As phones are too small to be well suited for longer devotional readings. So for practical purposes, Bible apps are the little pocket Bibles of our modern age. I am referring to the pocket Bibles the size of a man’s wallet. They generally contain the New Testament and maybe Psalms and Proverbs in tiny print. The pocket Bible of the previous generations did not replace full-sized Bibles at home. So while a Bible app on a phone is not the best primary Bible, it allows one to read the Bible in the little bits of time during the day. Chances are that all of us that have Bible apps on their phone, also have games and social media apps on our phones, myself included. Let me be clear there is nothing wrong with games and social media in moderation. What matters is that we should seek to become more aware of the activities that we tend to default to during pockets of unexpected free time throughout the day. This is because the things that we naturally drift toward reveal what we focus upon most which reflect and influences our values. It is just like how companies know that the more they expose you to images of their products in advertisements, the more likely you are to buy it. This is why the Bible tells us to take care and be aware of our thoughts and the ideas that we are taking in. It is not any different from a person that wants to get in shape and lose weight. If they are serious about their goal they will immerse themselves to fitness and nutrition articles and videos. This helps increase their chances of success by reshaping their values and lifestyle to be in line with their goal. In the same way, the Bible instructs us to expose ourselves to God’s thoughts and ideas, in order to be transformed into the people that God is calling us to become. Thus the more we focus on the things that God values, the more God’s values will become our own and shape how we live out our daily lives.

Minimalism and Mysticism

“Whenever material things, money, worldliness, become the center of our lives, they take hold of us, they possess us; we lose our very identity as human beings.” ~ Pope Francis

“Over against this whole array of materialistic infidelity, now, we owe it to ourselves to make sure at least of our own personal hold on the realness of things unseen and eternal; so that the spiritual world shall not be for us a shadowy utopia simply, but a positive substantiality, coming close home to our daily interest and thought. Such habit of mind cannot be in us with the facility of mere natural growth. It requires heavenly planting, and much inward attention and culture. It would carry us too far to go here into the details of this culture. Meditation, prayer, the right use of God’s disciplinary providence, intimate converse with the Word of God, where the powers of the spiritual world are always at hand as indwelling ‘spirit and life’.” ~ John Williamson Nevin, The Spiritual World, 1876

When it comes to a blog with a primary focus on deeper spiritual living, the topic of minimalism may catch some by surprise. Minimalism is normally thought of in terms of material possessions and responsibilities. Minimalism is not about being lazy and only putting in the minimal effort needed to get by. The purpose of minimalism is to seek to reduce the amount of things that ultimately do not matter in order to be able to better focus one’s time and resources upon what matters most. Therefore minimalism is to some extent an essential part of mysticism. Sure I realize that many people turn to minimalism as a way to get rid of the mountain of unneeded stuff that is weighing them down. The truth of the matter is that simply getting rid of stuff for the sake of being free is not a long-term solution. Likewise, a hoarder that simply gets more stuff for the sake of feeling secure is also not a long-term solution. Minimalism is a tool, and like any tool, it is important to understand not only what it can do but also what it can not do. As let’s face it regardless of how high quality of a hammer that one has, a hammer is useless when it comes to fixing a clogged toilet. As a tool minimalism can be useful to help one regain and maintain control over runaway amounts of material possessions. Although minimalism alone cannot change anything deeper than the surface. The materialist can focus on how much stuff that they have just like the minimalist can focus on how little stuff they have. The frugal minimalist can focus on how little money they spend on stuff. And the only the best minimalism can focus upon the quality of the few things that they own. Although in the end all of the above are still slaves to their stuff. Given that obsession over their stuff demonstrates that their material possessions possess them. The real problem is not with minimalism. The real problem is that the deeper problems are ultimately spiritual in nature. Many of us have even been duped into thinking that we can treat the spiritual with material things and activities. Meaningful living requires having a spiritual purpose and meaningful life goals. Thus a radical minimalist living out of a single bag can be equally spiritually malnourished as a hoarder that has most of the rooms in their house filled wall to wall, floor to ceiling with stuff. Given that a healthy level of detachment from physical objects, it can be impossible to make progress on one’s spiritual journey. You do not have to go to the extreme of getting rid of everything and forsake personal ownership of any material object through a vow of poverty. Just realize that spiritual and even life development can be hindered until one is able to put physical objects in their proper place. Material possessions are tools that help you accomplish things and not a source of meaning and purpose in your life.

Gift Giving

“Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust consume and where thieves break in and steal; but store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consumes and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.” ~ Jesus (Matthew 6:19-21 NRSV)

In our culture the celebration of Christmas includes the giving of gifts to others. Christmas is ultimately the celebration of the greatest gift ever given. God’s gift of Jesus as the Incarnate Christ in the world to bridge the gap between God and humanity. Which is why as a society we traditionally give gifts in remembrance of God’s gift to us. I realize that some people question if our emphasis upon gifts is healthy. Their concerns are reasonable given our culture of consumerism obsessed with material possessions.  Although I do not believe we should feel threatened by the materialist nature of gift giving. This is because material possessions can not meet our deeper spiritual needs. Thus at their worse

Regardless of your age, more likely than not somebody has already asked you what you got for Christmas by now. So let me ask you a slightly different question: What did you get for Christmas that will still be around in 5 or even 10 years from now? And by be around, I mean things that you would still regularly use and enjoy. Not something like a book that you may read once (if at all) and then put on a bookshelf only to be touched when dusting. Nor an article of clothing that you were for a time before it gets neglected in the back of your closet for the next decade. No, I mean gifts that will last in the long haul both physical durability and usefulness. Objects that continue to serve a meaningful purpose in your life on a regular basis. This immediately excludes all electronic items and the latest music albums and movies. While it will be safe to assume we will still be using technology in 10 years. Any new computer, smartphone or tablet  even if they are still functional in 10 years will almost certainly no longer be in regular use. The same goes for all sorts of household goods such as blenders, and the latest high-tech coffee maker. I know this may be shocking to think of what our new items will look like and mean to us 10 years from now. That is what makes it helpful as it helps us gain a long-term perspective on what is really important in our lives. Keep in mind I am not saying that it is wrong to give and receive gifts that will not last. Just that it is important to realize that their meaningfulness and usefulness is temporary. They are no different from clothing. Regardless of how well they are made, they will wear out with regular use. This is fine as objects that wear our have served their purpose and were not wasted. This point is the easiest to see in “consumable gifts” such as candy, flowers, gourmet coffee & teas, homemade jam or wine. All gifts that we can give and receive a humans are temporary in nature. Only the gifts given to us by God are eternal and  the greatest gift by far is the gift of Jesus as the Incarnate Christ. This is the best way of viewing the giving of gifts regardless of the time of year, as well-meaning shadows of the true eternal gift given by God.

The Anxious Bench

“An Anxious Bench may be crowded where no divine influence whatever is felt. A whole congregation may be moved with excitement, and yet be losing at the very time more than is gained in a religious point of view. Hundreds may be carried through the process of anxious bench conversion, and yet their last state may be worse than the first. It will not do to point us to immediate visible efforts, to appearances on the spot, or to glowing reports struck off from some heated imagination immediately after. Piles of copper, fresh from the mint, are after all something very difference from piles of gold.” ~ John Williamson Nevin, The Anxious Bench

“Vows and pledges that spring from excitement rather than reflection are considered fanatical, and as such neither rational nor free; and thought in certain cases men may seem to be strengthened and supported by them in the prosecution of good ends belong to a lower sphere, they are ever to be deprecated in the sphere of religion tending only to delusion and sin.” ~ John Williamson Nevin, The Anxious Bench

The Mercersburg Theology movement began as a reaction against the rise of the anxious bench in the 1840’s. At the time, John Williamson Nevin was the professor at the seminary of the German Reformed Church in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania.  In 1943, Nevin published the first edition of “The Anxious Bench”. In it he attacked the growing use of the anxious bench within the American church. The anxious bench, was part of a new style of revivalism ministry. The anxious bench is an emotionally manipulative method of evangelism. The anxious bench seeks to overwhelm one with a sense of guilt and hopelessness as a sinner in the hands of an angry God. The goal is to get the person worked up in the desired emotional state before presenting them with the good news of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The anxious bench emotionally attacks and tears down upon the person as being a worthless sinner before God. The anxious bench pretty much tells the person that they are no good and will never amount to anything apart from Jesus Christ. So figuratively the anxious bench confronts one with the choice of accepting the Gospel or suicide. At the time the anxious bench proved to be effective when it came to getting people saved at revivals. Which is why the anxious bench style ministry continues to live on to this day. The anxious bench lives on today especially in altar calls and street preachers. Nevin opposed the anxious bench because it lacked any deeper substance. The problem with the anxious bench is that it relies too heavily upon a sense of urgency under the pressure of emotional manipulation and fear. Thus anxious bench conversions tend to be too shallow to be sustainable long-term. Which makes sense as a conversion build upon the foundation of emotion hype will start to crumble upon the person calming down. Much like the typical New Years Resolution which rarely lasts long enough for the person to be able to give it up for Lent. The most tragic part of the anxious bench is that it often leaves the person in a worse spiritual state than they were before they “got saved”. The frequent failure of the anxious bench is not surprising as it goes against Jesus’ model of ministry. We need to keep in mind that while Jesus calls us to follow Him, that God never asks us to follow in blind faith. This is because Christianity is an invitation to follow God based upon what God has already done for us, is doing for us now and will do for us in the future. In the Gospels Jesus does not rush us but encourages us to pause and consider the cost: both the pros and cons of choosing to follow Him. Decisions that are carefully thought out when being rightly informed lead to much stronger long term commitments. With that in mind I invite you to reflect upon the nature of your relationship with God. If you find yourself relating to God primarily in terms of fear and obligations, I encourage you to reflect upon the nature of God’s love in your life. Ask yourself what is it about the love of God that is causing fear and if that is a rational approach or merely an aftertaste of the anxious bench in your life.


Backing Up Your Computer

“In the house of the wise are stores of choice food and oil, but a foolish man devours all he has.” ~ Proverbs 21:20 (NIV)

A few years ago, I got a Windows system pop-up message on my computer. The message was that Windows believed that my hard drive was about to fail. I am sure this would have been a source of panic if not absolute terror to most people in my situation. Yet in my case I remained calm. This is because I had an up to date backup of my computer data. So the worse case situation would only be the moderate inconvenience. The act of having a current backup of your computer will free you from a lot of computer related anxiety. According to the Bible, being ready for potential setbacks in the future is a trait of the wise. Contrary to some current “folk theology” this is not at all a sign of having a lack of faith in God to provide. Given that the Bible calls us to also be responsible and take reasonable precautions. Your files on your computer and phone likely account for hundreds of hours worth of work and irreplaceable pictures. So it only makes sense to take a few minutes a week to back up your data from potential loss.

Please keep in mind that my intention is not to write an all-inclusive backup guide. My goal is to give simple backup suggestions that can be quickly put into action. A simple backup is better than no backup but if you want to do a more complete job, by all means do more reading on this topic. The most important thing is that if you do not already have a backup is to create a simple backup today. Then once you have a simple backup you can start to think about what type of backup system would be best suited for your needs long-term. Trust me if you ever have a need for a backup, you will be glad that you maintained a backup. Likewise even if you never need to use your backup, you will enjoy the pace of mind that having one provides.

When it comes to backing up data that is of high value, you should follow the computer backup rule of three. The rule of three in computer backup is that you should have at least three copies of your data. It is also important for at least one of your three copies to be stored at a remote location. The classic example is that if your computer and backup are in the same place, both can be destroyed in a fire or flood. Your remote backup does not have to be anything fancy. A remote backup can be as simple as a USB memory stick in a safe deposit box, gym/work locker or secure place at work or school. You can even swap USB flash drives with a friend or relative for your remote backups. If you use a remote backup on physical media depending upon the nature of the data you may want to encrypt the data. Especially if it contains any sensitive information such as business or financial records. Another quick and simple option for personal use would be to pick up a USB flash drive for your key-chain or extra-large SD card for your phone to store copies of your most valued files and pictures. Just keep in mind that physical storage works best with files that are constant like pictures.

For data that changes more often, cloud storage would likely work better. Cloud storage includes services such as Dropbox, Google Drive, iCloud and Microsoft OneDrive. The act of syncing your data across your devices with an online copy doubles as backup. Cloud data syncing services are also computer backup rule of three compliant. So placing your active working document in your Dropbox folder, will provide real-time backup. As an added bonus all of the above services include mobile app versions with an option to auto upload your pictures as you take them. So your pictures will not only be backed up automatically but also synced to your computer for easy access.

So remember be smart and choose to be among the wise in making sure your computer has an up to date backup. The few suggestions that I gave were only quick and simple things that anybody can quickly and easily put into practice. I encourage you to do further reading about the best backup for your current needs. There is no one size fits all solution, when it comes to the best method of computer backup. So please do not consider me the final authority and seek out more information for your computers. If anything every happens you will be glad that you had a current computer backup.